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- the great Liners, Cruise Ships and Classics, 3 -
 
 


"Ocean Queen"
Ex. Royal Mail Ship "Pendennis Castle", - built in 1957 for Union-Castle Line, London, UK
DWT.: 15976, - Gross Reg. Tonnage: 28582, - LOA.: 232,6 m, - Beam: 25,6 m
Machinery:  Steam Turbines, - BHP.: 46.000, - Twin Propellers, - Speed: 22,5 Knots
Renamed: 1976 "Ocean Queen", - 1977/1978 "Sinbad", - 1977/1978 "Sinbad I", - and finally scrapped in 1980
Photographed in Hong Kong, Dec. 1976.
(Photography by Karsten Petersen ©)

This very fine, beautiful and stylish ship also requires some additional notes - - -
She is clearly a real classic, and as such her name "Ocean Queen" suits perfectly - - -
It would be very interesting to investigate the history of this ship.

My investigations revealed, that the "Ocean Queen" was actually the former, famous Royal Mail Ship "Pendennis Castle" owned by just as famous Union-Castle Line of London, - and built at the legendary Harland & Wolf yard in Belfast way back in 1957, - indeed a true classic!

In maritime circles RMS "Pendennis Castle" was voted as "the Ship of the Year" and earned a reputation of being the finest, fastest and most famous mail ship in Union-Castle Line, - gaining the speed record on her regular run between Southampton and Cape Town.
She stayed in active service with Union-Castle Line for 19 years, until she was finally sold to Ocean Queen Navigation Co. in 1976, - the year I happened to be around in Hong Kong and could photograph her in all her glory with her brand new paint scheme and a new name, - "Ocean Queen".

The idea was, that she should continue service on the big oceans as a cruise ship.
However, - something went terrible wrong, and in 1977 or 1978, she was sold again and renamed "Sinbad", - and later again she became "Sinbad I".
The end came in 1980, when her last, short voyage brought her to Kaohsiung, where she was finally scrapped, after having been laid up in Hong Kong since she retired from service with the Union-Castle Line in 1976 .
Indeed a sad end for such a fine ship - - -

Therefore I have added not just one or two pictures to this page of this beautiful ship, - but six!
Please enjoy my images of this true classic - - -
 
 


"Ocean Queen"
Photographed in Hong Kong, Dec. 1976.
(Photography by Karsten Petersen ©)
 
 


"Ocean Queen"
Photographed in Hong Kong, Dec. 1976.
(Photography by Karsten Petersen ©)
 
 


"Ocean Queen"
Photographed in Hong Kong, Dec. 1976.
(Photography by Karsten Petersen ©)
 


"Ocean Queen"
- a true classic in all her glory -
Photographed in Hong Kong, Dec. 1976.
(Photography by Karsten Petersen ©)
 
 


"Ocean Queen"
- a final view of this great ship photographed in Hong Kong in Dec.1976 -
(Photography by Karsten Petersen ©)
 
 


From Left to Right, - a Magnificent Trio: "Homeric", "Nieuw Amsterdam" and "Patria".
These fantastic ships are moored here, waiting to be scrapped!
Photographed in Kaohsiung, Taiwan, 1974.
(Photography by Karsten Petersen ©)

Details of "Patria": Built in 1947 by John Brown & Co, at the Clyde for Portuguese flag.
Tons: 13178, - DWT.: 10771, - LOA.: 161,8 m., - Beam: 20,8 m, - Propulsion:  2 steam turbines, - 17 knots. Stricken in 1973. Scrapped in Kaohsiung 1974.
 
 



"Homeric"
 - still looking fantastic although she is soon bound to "die" -
Photographed at the scrap yard in Kaohsiung, Taiwan, 1974.
(Photography by Karsten Petersen ©)

Built as "Mariposa" in 1931 by Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corp. in Quincy, U.S.A. for US flag.
This ship is quite famous. Owned by Matson Line she served together with her two sister ships on the San Francisco - Hawaii - South Pacific- Australia run. Together with her two sister ships they were referred to as "the Great Matson Liners". She served during WW2 as a troop carrier.
Tons: 18017, - LPP.: 184,1 m., - Beam: 24,2 m., - Propulsion: 2 steam turbines, - 25.000 Shp., 23 knots max., - 21,5 knots service speed.
Renamed "Homeric" in 1954, - broken up in Kaohsiung 1974.






1974-04-040
"Homeric", - ex. the famous Matson liner "Mariposa", - the Queen of the Pacific.
Photographed in Kaohsiung, Taiwan in 1974.
(Photography by Karsten Petersen ©)



 


The "Homeric" again, - and "Nieuw Amsterdam" behind - - -
 Photographed in Kaohsiung, Taiwan, 1974.
(Photography by Karsten Petersen ©)



S/S "Britanis"
A Chandris Line passenger ship photographed in Colon, Panama March 07.1985.
(Photography by Karsten Petersen ©)

This great ship deserves a few comments.
She was originally built in USA way back in 1932 by the Bethlehem Steel Corp. for US owner Matson Line.
That means, that when I photographed the ship in 1985, she was already an old lady having crossed the oceans for 53 years, - including WW2 service.
She could very well be the passenger liner with the longest active service life of all.
Here in this series of pictures, she is flying the flag of Greek owner Chandris and registered in Panama.
 
 


S/S "Britanis"
- a truly great ship - photographed in Panama on March 7. 1985 -
(Photography by Karsten Petersen ©)
 
 


S/S "Britanis"
- a final stern view -, again photographed in Panama, March 7.1985 -
(Photography by Karsten Petersen ©)
 
 


"Dwarka"
- photographed in Bombay 1982 -
(Photography by Karsten Petersen ©)

Another great classic, - "Dwarka" built in 1947 by Swan, Hunter & W. Richardson for the British India Steam Navigation  Co. Ltd., London.
She was engaged in the India - Persian Gulf trade, that lasted until "Dwarka" was scrapped in 1982.
She became the most famous and longest lasting of the ships of British India Line.
Tons: 4851, - DWT.: 4525, - LOA.: 121,5 m., - Beam: 16,7 m., - Propulsion: Doxford diesel, - Max. speed 15,21 knots, - Service speed 13,5 knots.
Scrapped at Gadani Beach in Pakistan in 1982.  Above picture is therefore one of the last pictures of her, - if not the last.
 
 



1973-01-074
"Gong Nong Bing 6"
Photographed on the Huangpu River in 1973
(Photography © Karsten Petersen)

Looks as if this old-timer is the former "Ponce" from 1899 which makes her 74 years old when I took this picture on the Huangpu.
The Chinese name "Gong Nong Bing" means "Worker Peasant Soldier", - and during the Cultural Revolution there were many ships carrying that name followed by a number in order to distinguish the many ships with similar names from each other - - - -
And this one is number 6 - - - -
One problem is, that apparently the numbers were often changed, - like the Chinese also did on their navy ships -, so that it is difficult to keep track of what is what - - -

Passenger/cargo ship built as "Ponce" in 1899 in USA for US flag, - Tons: 3503, - LPP: 96,6 m, - Beam: 12,8 m, - , Propulsion: Steam Engine - 12 knots
Renamed "King Hsing" 1946, - "Vest Bay" 1950 , - "Tai Er Chuang" 1951, - "Chung Hsing 9" 1952, - "Min Chu 1" in the mid 50'es, - "Gong Nong Bing 6" 1967, - Further fate unknown.
 
 


1973-01-075
"Dong Fang Hong 9" and behind "Gong Nong Bing 13"
Photographed on the Huangpu River, Shanghai in 1973
(Photography © Karsten Petersen)

Another "problem photo" from Red China taken during the Cultural Revolution, but the "problem" has now been solved, thanks to some external help with the proper identification - - - -
The military green passenger ship coming from the left is clearly the "Dong Fang Hong No. 9", because the name says so, - it is one of the Chinese standard names meaning "The East is Red" followed by a number.
The combined passenger/cargo ship behind is one of the many ships with the standard name "Gong Nong Bing" , - "Worker Peasant Soldier" -, followed by a number, which in this case is "13", but on this photo it is not possible to see the number - - - -
Take note of the gun on the aft part of the ship - - -

The military green painted Yangtse lower river steamer, - "Dong Fang Hong 9" -, is ex. "Paowo" from 1930
Tons: 2517, - LPP.: 85,5 m., - Beam: 14,7 m, - Propulsion: 2 propellers, Steam Engine, - Speed: 12 knots
Built as "Paowo" in 1930, - Renamed "Rasan Maru" in 1942, - "Paowo" in 1946, - "Sze Ming" in 1946, - "Chiang (Kiang) Ming in 1949, - and finally in 1967 renamed "Dong Fang Hong 9", - and she appears to have been withdrawn in 1984.

The combined passenger/dry cargo ship behind is the "Gong Nong Bing 13", - was built in 1943 for Japanese flag as "Tsinan Maru" - (Or in Japanese "Sainan Maru".)
Tons: 3232, - LPP.: 93 m, - Beam: 13,7 m, Propulsion: Steam engine, - 12 knots.
Sank after hitting a mine in 1944, - salvaged in the 1950'es and renamed "Min Chu 13" until around 1967 when she was renamed "Gong Nong Bing 13.
Scrapped in 1982.
 
 


1972-07-034
"Southward"
(Photography © Karsten Petersen)

Norwegian passenger/RORO  ferry "Southward" photographed off Curacao in 1972.
Launched and commissioned 1971, - Tons: 16607, - LOA.: 163,4 m, - Beam: 22,8 m, - Propulsion: 2 Diesels, - 21,5 knots
Converted to cruise ship in 1977, - renamed in 1995 "Seawing"
 
 


1973-01-078
"Malaysia Raya"
(Photography © Karsten Petersen)

Passenger/cargo ship "Malaysia Raya" photographed in Singapore in 1973.
Tons: 13520, - DWT.: 5631, - LOA.: 162,1 m, - Beam: 22 m, - Propulsion: 2 Steam Turbines, - 21 Knots
Built and launched in France in 1952, - commissioned 1954 as "Laos", - renamed 1970 ""Empress Abeto", - 1971 "Malaysia Raya", - scrapped 1977.
 
 
 


1972-08-068
"Centaur"
(Photography © Karsten Petersen)

Another British classic, - the "Centaur" of famous Blue Funnel Line -, photographed in Singapore, 1972

This is one of those combined cargo/passenger ships you sometimes meet, but in case of "Centaur", the passenger section of the ship is unusual large, with plenty of deck space that gives the impression of a real passenger liner. But she is also a cargo ship.
Completed in 1964, - DWT.: 2594 tons, - LOA.: 146,5 m., - Beam: 20,2 m., - Propulsion: 2 Diesels, - 20 Knots.
Renamed "Hai Da" in 1985, - and apparently scrapped in China in 2006.
 
 
 
 


Cunard Cruise
Ship
Photographed in Panama Canal, Nov.5.1996
(Photography by Karsten Petersen ©)
 

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Casino Cruise Ships

Here comes a series of cruise ships engaged in a very special trade.
In Hong Kong there are several such cruise ships engaged in day trips out of Hong Kong to international waters, - and back to Hong Kong again.
In that sense they are cruise ships, - but actually the the main purpose is gambling, and therefore it would be more correct to refer to them as "casino ships", because that is exactly what they are.
I have photographed some of them at anchor in Hong Kong, and one, - the "Ji Mei" -, upon leaving Hong Kong for scheduled return the next morning.
 
 


2012-02-21.080
"Ji Mei"
Photographed in Hong Kong, -February 2012.
(Photography © Karsten Petersen)

"Ji Mei" was originally a RORO ferry built  by Kieler Howaltswerke, Germany, in 1966 as "Prinsesse Ragnhild" for Norwegian flag.
Tons: 7695, - DWT.: 1200, -, LOA.: 140,8 m., - Beam: 20,0 m., - Propulsion: 2 shafts, - 21,5 knots.
Renamed "Janina" in 1980, - to "Amatista" in 1981, - and again in 1981 to "Jin Jiang", - and finally to "Ji Mei" in 1983.
 
 


2012-03-13.018
"Ji Mei"
Photographed in Hong Kong, -March 2012.
(Photography © Karsten Petersen)
 
 


2012-03-12.023
"Macau Success"
Photographed in Hong Kong, -March 2012.
(Photography © Karsten Petersen)

"Macau Success"  was built by Helsingor Vaerft, Denmark, in 1974 as cruise ship "Golden Odyssey", - but is now serving as casino ship in Hong Kong.
Tons: 6757, - DWT.: 1377, - LOA.: 130,2 m, - Beam: 19,5 m., Propulsion: 2 shafts, - 21 knots.
Renamed "Astra II" in 1994, - and "Omar II" in 2000, - and finally "Macau Success" in 2004
 
 




2012-03-12.060
"Macau Success"
Photographed in Hong Kong, -March 2012.
(Photography © Karsten Petersen)
 
 


2012-03-12.042
"Macau Success"
Photographed in Hong Kong, -March 2012.
(Photography © Karsten Petersen)
 
 


2012-03-12.024
"Starry Metropolis" and behind "Metropolis"
Photographed in Hong Kong, -March 2012.
(Photography © Karsten Petersen)

"Starry Metropolis" was built as RORO ferry "Kareliya" in 1976 by Wartsila, Finland, for Russian flag, but now serves as casino cruise ship out of Hong Kong.
Tons: 16631, - DWT.: 2402, - LOA.: 156,3 m, - Beam: 23,1 m, - Propulsion: 2 shafts, - 21 knots.
Renamed "Leonid Brezhnev" in 1982, - and "Kareliya" in 1989, - "Olivia" in 1998, - "CT Neptune" in 2004, - "Neptune" 2006, - and "Starry Metropolis" in 2011.

"Metropolis" was built in Japan as " Shiretoko Maru" and served as car ferry between Tokyo and Tamakomai, but now serves as gambling ship in Hong Kong.
Tons: 7875, - DWT.: 3264, - LOA.: 153,6 m, - Beam: 22,9 m, - Propulsion: 2 shaft, - 20 knots.
She was renamed "N. Kazantzakis" in 1989, - "Ming Fai Princess" in 2001, - and finally "Metropolis" in 2007.
 
 


2012-03-12.035
"Starry Metropolis" and behind "Metropolis"
Photographed in Hong Kong, -March 2012.
(Photography © Karsten Petersen)
 
 


2012-03-12.024
"Starry Metropolis" and behind "Metropolis"
Photographed in Hong Kong, -March 2012.
(Photography © Karsten Petersen)
 
 


2012-03-12.059
"Starry Metropolis" and to the right "Metropolis"
Photographed in Hong Kong, -March 2012.
(Photography © Karsten Petersen)
 

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Page initiated: Oct. 10.2012.
Updated: Oct. 14. 2012,